Only one adequate plan has ever appeared in the world, and that is the Christian dispensation.
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Wednesday's Word: American History - The American Colonization Society

Wednesday's Word

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Saturday, March 08, 2014

American History - The American Colonization Society



"The Society for the Colonization of Free People of Color of America", established in 1817 by Robert Finley of New Jersey, was the primary vehicle to support the return of free African Americans to what was considered greater freedom in Africa.

Some blacks supported emigration because they thought that black Americans would never receive justice in the United States. Others believed African-Americans should remain in the United States to fight against slavery and for full legal rights as American citizens. Some whites saw colonization as a way of ridding the nation of blacks, while others believed black Americans would be happier in Africa, where they could live free of racial discrimination. Still others believed black American colonists could play a central role in Christianizing and civilizing Africa.

In 1819, after pressuring the Congress and President Monroe, the ACS received $100,000 from Congress and in January 1820 the first ship, the Elizabeth, sail from New York headed for West Africa with three white ACS agents and 88 emigrants.

The society established settlements at Freetown, Sierra Leone and Liberia . The capital of Liberia is Monrovia, named after James Monroe. The native Africans resisted the expansion of the settlers resulting in many armed conflicts. Nevertheless, in the next decade 2,638 African-Americans migrated to the area. Also, the colony entered an agreement with the U.S. Government to accept freed slaves captured from slave ships.

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